Surgical removal of impacted tooth
Wisdom teeth are the last to erupt and typically do so between ages 17 and 25. But according to the American Dental Association, they may grow sideways, emerge only partially or remain completely trapped under gum and bone, which either produces no symptoms or causes these problems:
Swollen, red, tender or bleeding gums.
Swelling around the jaw.
An unpleasant taste in the mouth near the affected area.
Headache or jaw ache.
Occasional difficulty opening the mouth.
Occasional swollen lymph nodes in the neck.
Dental pain or tooth related pain is one of the most common cause for which a patient seeks a dentist. Previously common treatment was removal of offending tooth to get relief from pain. But presently the focus of treatment is conservative and not only to relieve from pain but also save the offending tooth.
In the past, teeth were filled with a mixture—or amalgam—of different metals. Today that is changing as more natural-looking and metal-free dental fillings are becoming the preferred approach.
Dentists are using more tooth-like materials (composite resins and porcelains) that are both safe and predictable. The most important feature, for many people, is that they look and react more like natural teeth..
Tooth whitening (termed tooth bleaching when utilizing bleach), is either restoration of natural tooth shade or whitening beyond natural tooth shade, depending on the definition used.
Restoration of the underlying, natural tooth shade is possible by simply removing surface (extrinsic) stains (e.g. from tea, coffee, red wine and tobacco) and calculus (tartar). This is achieved by having the teeth cleaned by a dental professional (commonly termed "scale and polish", see debridement and polishing), or at home by various oral hygiene methods. Calculus is difficult to remove without a professional clean.
To whiten the natural tooth shade, bleaching is suggested. It is a common procedure in cosmetic dentistry, and a number of different techniques are used by dental professionals. Many different products are also marketed for home use.
A dental extraction (also referred to as tooth extraction, exodontia, exodontics, or informally, tooth pulling) is the removal of teeth from the dental alveolus (socket) in the alveolar bone. Extractions are performed for a wide variety of reasons, but most commonly to remove teeth which have become unrestorable through tooth decay, periodontal disease or dental trauma, especially when they are associated with toothache. Sometimes wisdom teeth are impacted (stuck and unable to grow normally into the mouth) and may cause recurrent infections of the gum (pericoronitis). In orthodontics if the teeth are crowded, sound teeth may be extracted (often bicuspids) to create space so the rest of the teeth can be straightened.
Tooth extraction is usually relatively straightforward, and the vast majority can be usually performed quickly while the individual is awake by using local anesthetic injections to eliminate painful sensations. Local anesthetic blocks pain, but mechanical forces are still vaguely felt.
Post & Core Build-up
Teeth sometimes have large portions missing due to decay, fracture, the loss of a filling and, in the case of root canal treatment, the creation of an access cavity. Core placement refers to a procedure where a dentist replaces missing tooth structure in preparation for making a new dental crown. Replacing these missing portions creates the optimal foundation for the new restoration.
Core placement, also commonly referred to as ‘build up’ helps to rebuild the tooth so that it is closer to its former dimensions and structure. This procedure helps the dentist greatly increase the stability of the crown, and therefore maximizing it’s long-term chances for success.
When placing just a core, your dentist will apply dental restorative material to the tooth, with the goal of placing enough material to prepare the tooth for a crown; the resulting tooth/core combination will be the same size and shape that it was before any of the tooth structure was lost or removed during a procedure.
Crowns and Bridges
While crowns and bridges can last a lifetime, they do sometimes come loose or fall out. The most important step you can take to ensure the longevity of your crown is to practice good oral hygiene.
Keep your gums and teeth healthy by brushing with fluoride toothpaste twice a day and flossing daily
See your dentist or hygienist regularly for checkups and professional cleanings
To prevent damage to your new crown or bridge, avoid chewing hard foods, ice or other hard objects
Cavities refer to tooth decay, which occurs when specific types of bacteria produce acid that destroys the tooth’s enamel and its underlying layer, the dentin.
Space maintainers & Habit breaking appliance
Head gear is an apparatus that is commonly used in correcting severe bite problems (most commonly "over-bite issues) but also can be used to make more space for teeth to come in.
Headgear usually will consist of a facebow, head cap, and elastic or springs that attach together. Additional straps and attachments are used for comfort or ensure safety. Often headgear is worn 12-14 hours a day, for 1 to 1.5 years to ensure effectiveness depending on the severity of a patients condition.
As part of some orthodontic treatment plans, orthodontic surgery by a Maxillofacial Surgeon may be an alternative orthodontic treatment solution to head gear.
NIGHT GUARD FOR TEETH CLENCHING
Teeth grinding and teeth clenching are two different ways people exhibit bruxism. Most people grind or clench their teeth occassionally; however, habitual teeth grinding and teeth clenching, usually at night, can be damaging to oral health.